Enjoy exciting talks on works in progress on the slave trade, slavery and anti-slavery in the Atlantic World.
February 23 – 12pm
Leo Garofalo, Associate Professor of History, Connecticut College
Afro-Iberians as Black European Sailors, Soldiers, Travelers, and Traders in the Spanish Empire, 1500s and 1600s
From 1471 to 1700, enslaved and free African and European-born African people made up perhaps twenty-percent of southern Iberia’s urban populations. As sailors, soldiers, traders, artisans, and servants, they became part of Spanish expansion into the Americas and Asia and raiding and trading in Africa. Archival documents from the 1530s to 1680s reveal struggles for survival by individuals and families in branch of the African Diaspora rooted in Europe. Through their movement and resettlements, they helped shape Iberian, Ibero-American, and Philippine societies.
March 9 – 12pm
Lewis Eliot, PhD Candidate, University of South Carolina
Illegal Trade in Human Flesh: Illicit Slave Trading in the Atlantic World, 1833-1867
Abolition in the British Caribbean has been celebrated as a vital cornerstone in the ending of slavery in the Atlantic basin. The realities of life for the now free Afro-Caribbean people, however, remained dangerous, given the consistent threat of reenslavement from slavers from Latin America, Caribbean pirates, and nefarious people traffickers. As European empires did not end slavery in unison, the Atlantic World remained a slaveholding one long after British emancipation. This resulted in a thriving illegal trade between West Africa and the Caribbean, and between Caribbean islands and the mainland Americas. Eliot’s talk will examine the ramifications of this trade for the imperial governments involved, for the smugglers capturing and selling their prohibited cargoes, and most importantly for the newly reenslaved themselves
April 6 -12pm
Linford Fisher, Assistant Professor of History, Brown University
Atlantic Slaveries: Native American and African Slavery in New England and the Caribbean
Although African slavery has received the majority of scholarly attention in the early modern Atlantic, recently scholars have turned toward recovering the history of the enslavement of Native Americans. All across the Americas, in every colonial context, Natives were captured, enslaved, and sent to other regions to work in houses, on farms, and on plantations. But the histories of Native and African slaveries were not separate; often they were intertwined and intermingled. This presentation considers how Native American and African slaveries intersected in the English Atlantic world in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, using New England, Barbados, Jamaica, and Bermuda as the primary comparative lens of analysis.
October 20 – 12pm
Westenley Alcenat, PhD Candidate Columbia, Lapidus Center Fellow
Prince Saunders and African-American Emigration to Haiti: A Transatlantic Career in the Quest for Citizenship, 1815-1826
No significant monographs to date exist on Prince Saunders, an African-American abolitionist whose transatlantic crossings between the United States, England and Haiti, demonstrates that the African-American struggle for citizenship at home have always transcended American borders. Looking at the extensive contribution Saunders made to early antislavery efforts, this talk will speak about how Saunders should be considered among the earliest founders of Black transatlantic abolitionism.
November 3 – 12pm
Anthony Di Lorenzo, PhD, Lapidus Center Fellow
Antislavery Politics in New York During the Age of Revolution
Antislavery activity in New York was profoundly affected by late-eighteenth-century revolutions in France, the Caribbean, and around the globe. Tensions flared within a movement that included not only elite foes like Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr, but also lesser-known figures—both black and white-fighting bondage from below.
January 26, 2017 – 12pm
Philip Misevich, PhD. Assistant Professor of History at St. John’s University, Lapidus Center Fellow
The Transatlantic Muslim Diaspora to Latin America in the Nineteenth Century
African Muslims were present in almost every region of the Americas during the nineteenth-century. The names of Africans rescued from slave ships provide us with valuable clues to their migration patterns across the Atlantic. These data suggest that, at the time while most West Africans came from the Bights of Benin and Biafra, the majority of the Muslims left from Upper Guinea.